Website - December 16, 2023


From now to future

Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes is a French administrative region located in the south-eastern quarter of mainland France. It was created by the 2015 territorial reform dated January 1, 2016, following the regional elections of December 6 and 13, 2015. Bringing together the former Auvergne and Rhône-Alpes regions, it is made up of 12 departments and a metropolis. with territorial collectivity status, its surface area is 69,711 km2 and its population amounted to 8,078,652 inhabitants7 in 2020; its capital is Lyon.

This new region brings together spaces that are very different from each other, both geographically (relief, climate), sociologically, economically and even culturally (regional languages, popular traditions), as was already the case for Rhône-Alpes. as well as, to a lesser extent, for the Auvergne region. If the former Rhône-Alpes and Auvergne regions each benefit from a coherence linked to the communication axes and the attraction of their respective metropolisNote 1, the new whole appears heterogeneous and arouses strong opposition from certain local elected officials as well as from a part of the population during its creation

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Auvergne Rhône-Alpes: a varied industrial fabric

With 490,000 industrial jobs, Auvergne Rhône-Alpes is one of the most industrial regions in France. However, it is placed in an intermediate position in Europe, far from the large industrial regions of Germany or Northern Italy. The region's industrial tradition is old and has undergone profound transformations in recent decades. Industrial activity is today structured around eight major industrial sectors, including the manufacturing of metal products and the manufacturing of machines and equipment.

A varied industrial landscape

A varied industrial landscape The industry in the Auvergne Rhône-Alpes region is structured around eight major sectors of activity. • The manufacturing of metal products (except machines and equipment), which accounts for nearly 3% of regional employment, is present throughout the territory with a few strong establishments. The manufacturing of rubber and plastic products employs 50,000 jobs, including 9,000 in Clermont-Ferrand, almost exclusively linked to the multinational Michelin The manufacturing of electrical and electronic products is particularly present in the Grenoble metropolitan area. • The manufacturing of machines and equipment is the most highly over-represented sector of activity in the Auvergne Rhône-Alpes region. • The chemical industry, although it accounts for less than 1% of total employment, is clearly over-represented in the region • The pharmaceutical industry is also a key industrial sector in the region. Particularly concentrated, it is dominated by the companies Sanofi Pasteur and Sanofi Chimie • Textile manufacturing occupies only 0.8% of regional employment. • The agri-food industry accounts for 1.5% of regional employment.